Geographic Coordinates

NOTE: In general, the order of arguments when long/lat are being referred to is <longitude, latitude>

Hydrolix supports 3 types of geographic data:

  • cartesian - longitude/latitude (two double values)
  • geoHash (string)
  • H3 (uint64)

cartesian

longitude and latitude are stored in separate double columns in Hydrolix. North latitudes are positive, southern latitudes are negative. Eastern longitudes are positive, western latitudes are negative.

greatCircleDistance

greatCircleDistance takes two locations, represented as long/lat, and calculates the shortest distance between them, taking the spherical shape of Earth into account.

Parameters:

  • longitude_1 - the double value of the longitude for the first location
  • latitude_1 - the double value of the latitude for the first location
  • longitude_2 - the double value of the longitude for the second location
  • latitude_2 - the double value of the latitude of the second location

Usage:

  • greatCircleDistance(longitude_1, latitude_1, longitude_2, latitude_2)

Returns:

  • a double representing the distance in meters

pointInEllipses

pointInEllipses calculates if a location defined by cartesian coordinates is inside of any one of n number of ellipses.

Parameters:

  • loc_longitude - the double value of the longitude for the location to operate on
  • loc_latitude - the double value of the latitude for the location to operate on

Ellipses are defined by a cartesian center and coordinates ot the axes. Any number of ellipses can be included in the arguments, as long as each has the following declared:

  • ellipse_longitude
  • ellipse_latitude
  • ellipse_x_axis
  • ellipse_y_axis

Usage:

  • pointInEllipses(loc_longitude, loc_latitude, ellipse1_longitude, ellipse1_latitude, ellipse1_x_axis, ellipse1_y_axis [,ellipsen_longitude, ellipsen_latitude, ellipsen_x_axis, ellipsen_y_axis])

Returns:

  • 0 if the location is not in at least one of the ellipses
  • 1 if the location is inside at least one of the ellipses

pointInPolygon

pointInPolygon calculates if a location defined by cartesian coordinates enclosed in a polygon, defined by 3 or more long/lat pairs

Parameters:

  • loc_longitude - the double value of the longitude for the location to operate on
  • loc_latitude - the double value of the latitude for the location to operate on

A polygoin is defined by 3 or more long/lat pairs:

  • point_1_long
  • point_1_lat
  • point_2_long
  • point_2_lat
  • point_n_long
  • point_n_lat

Usage:

  • pointInPolygon((loc_longitude, loc_latitude), [(point_1_long, point_1_lat), (point_2_long, point_2_lat), (point_3_long, point_3_lat), ....])

Returns:

  • 0 if the location is in the polygon
  • 1 if the location is inside the polygon

geoHash

A geoHash string that is a unique representation of a location. A geohash is a unique identifier and can be used to look up the location on mapping platforms.
Geohash encoding converts a latitude/longitude combination to a string of letters and digits that is the "geohash" of the location.

A location encoded with geohash can be stored as string instead of two columns

geohashDecode, geohashEncode

Geohash encoding converts a latitude/longitude combination to a string of letters and digits that is the "geohash" of the location. The geohash is a unique identifier and can be used to look up the location on mapping platforms.

Parameters:

  • longitude - the double value of longitude
  • latitude - the double value of the latitude
    - precision - the precision of the result. Valid Integers are [1,12]. Anything outside of this range will be converted to 12.

Usage:

  • geohashEncode(longitude, latitude [,precision])
  • geohashDecode(geohashString)

Returns:

  • String representation of the geoHash. For example geohashEncode(-90.0, 30.0) returns dj248j248j24

geohashesInBox

geohashesInBox returns an array of geohashes inside of a box defined by two longitude/latitude locations, with the stated precision.

North latitudes are positive, southern latitudes are negative. Eastern longitudes are positive, western latitudes are negative.

Parameters:

  • longitude_min - the double value of the minimum longitude
  • latitude_min - the double value of the minimum latitude
  • longitude_max - the double value of the maximum longitude
  • latitude_max - the double value of the maximum latitude
  • precision - the precision of the result. Valid Integers are [1,12]. Anything outside of this range will be converted to 12.

Usage:

  • geohashesInBox(longitude_min, latitude_min, logitude_max, latitude_max [, precision])

Returns:

  • an array of string that are the geohashes of the given precision in the box defined by the longitudes and latitudes.

H3

H3 is a spatial indexing scheme based on dividing the planet into hexagons. H3 was developed by Uber to handle their unique challenges with location data, including tracking moving entities in real time.

H3 is represented as a uint64, and can be stored in a single column.

geoToH3

geoToH3 converts a long/lat combination to an H3 uint64, with a given precision.

Parameters:

  • longitude - the double value of longitude
  • latitude - the double value of the latitude
    - precision - the precision of the result. Valid Integers are [0,15]. Anything outside of this range will be converted to 12. NOTE Precision is required for H3, and it is not for geoHash

Usage:

  • geoToH3(longitude, latitude ,precision)

Returns:

  • uint64 representation of the H3 value for the location.

h3GetBaseCell

h3GetBaseCell

Parameters:

  • longitude - the double value of longitude
  • latitude - the double value of the latitude
    - precision - the precision of the result. Valid Integers are [0,15]. Anything outside of this range will be converted to 12. NOTE Precision is required for H3, and it is not for geoHash

Usage:

  • geoToH3(longitude, latitude ,precision)

Returns:

  • uint64 representation of the H3 value for the location.

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